Night Tour on the Pearl River
A lot of traditional cultural experiences can of course be sampled in Guangzhou and an evening at the Cantonese opera should be a must for any first-time visitors. Taking in the scenic night-view of Guangzhou Bridge, Goose Lake and the Pearl River is a highlight of your visit to Guangzhou.
The Pearl River is where Guangzhou"s scenic spots are. Praises to the beauty of the Pearl River have been "Red Heart of the Pearl Sea" and "Night Moon over the Goose Pool", selected in 1962 as of the Eight Sights of Guangzhou, plus the "Sunlight Reflection at Shimen" of the old Eight Sights of Guangzhou and the recently selected "Clear Waves of the Pearl River" of the Eight Sights of Guangzhou.
The third largest river in China, the Pearl River measures 2,129 meters in length, with its name deriving from the Haizhu Rock (Sea Pearl Rock). When the thousand-meter long Pearl River went through Guangzhou City, a huge rock island in the center of the river was scoured time and again and became smooth and bright like a pearl, called "Sea Pearl Rock", hence the name "Pearl River" for the river with this rock. There is another legend about the naming of the "Pearl River". It was said that a Persian businessman stole the valueless pearl of his country and came to auction it in Guangzhou. Since it was the treasure of the nation, the Persian State sent people carrying lots of money to Guangzhou and buy the pearl. When they took out the pearl for appreciation on their way back by ship, the precious pearl flew up suddenly and fell into the river. Later the pearl changed into a huge stone, shinning. People called it Sea Pearl Island, thus the name of the Pearl River.
In fact, the Pearl River is the general name for the river systems of the West River, the North River , the East River and Liuxi River. The West River originates from the Yun(nan)Gui(zhou) Plateau, and the North River and East River from Jiangxi Province, whereas Liuxi River is from the Qixing Ridge at Conghua City. The four rivers joint together in Guangzhou and flow to the South China Sea. As a rule, the Pearl River is called to mean the section of the river traversing Guangzhou proper. As the Pearl River was so wide 2,000 years ago, up to 2,000 meters, so it was also called the "Pearl Sea". Later the river narrowed down to 900 meters wide during the Song Dynasty, and it is only 180 meters wide now.
There are 10 bridges over the Pearl River: Renmin, Haizhu, Haiyin, Luoxi, Zhujiang, Guangzhou, and the newly-built Jiefang, Jiangwan, Huanan, Hedong, plus Zhujiang Tunnel, all of which connecting the south and north banks of the Pearl River and Fangcun District. There stand on both banks numerous star-grade hotels and commercial buildings: White Swan Hotel, Hotel Landmark Canton, Nanfang Mansion, Aiqun Hotel, Guangzhou Hotel, Gitic Riverside Hotel , all like sky-scrappers. In the evening, both banks are lit brightly, joined occasionally by the bright moon hanging in the sky. Full of passengers, pleasure boats for Pearl River cruise travel from the west to the east elegantly on the river, like playing happy melodies all together.
Baiyun Mountain belongs to the first provincial scenic spots approved by Guangdong Provincial Government. Cloud appears everywhere on famous mountains, but here White Cloud monopolizes the beauty of spring best portrays the Baiyun Mountain scenic spot.
Baiyun Mountain was already a famous scenic spot in Guangzhou in history. One can view the whole city proper from the height of the mountain. Renowned poets and scholars of past dynasties, such as Sushi, Yang Wanli, Wang Shizhen and others once came here and left poems and words after the visit.
Baiyun Mountain is a bit rectangular, measuring 7 km from south to north, and 4 km from east to west, aged around 400 million years, one of the oldest mountains in Guangdong. It has gorgeous scenery and abundant historical relics. Among the past and present Eight Sights of Guangzhou, besides "Wind Soughing in the Pines on Baiyun Mountain", there are "Pujian Spring", "Looking afar in the evening from Baiyun Mountain", "The Returned Monk at Jingtai", "the Splendid Mountain of Cloud", etc., which depict all the beautiful scenery of Baiyun Mountain.
In fact, Baiyun Mountain is the ending range of Dayu Mountains in the south. It stands up over the flat area of the Pearl River Delta, called "the First Mountain of Southern Yue" in history. The mountain was named Baiyun (White Cloud) Mountain because of " White cloud flying over Baiyuan Mountain, and gathering around its base". "Wind Soughing in the Pines on Baiyun Mountain" is one of the former "Eight Sights of Guangzhou", the name coming from the sounds when wind blowing the pines on the mountain.
Baiyun Mountain is a park with natural hills and waters, and an ideal sightseeing place and summer resort, with a development history of over 1,000 years. So far six sightseeing zones have been developed: Mingzhu Tower, Moxing Ridge, Santai Ridge, Mingchun Valley, Fei"e Ridge and Luhu Lake. Apart from the existing scenes Moxing Ridge, Looking afar in the morning from Baiyun Mountain, Looking afar in the evening from Baiyun Mountain, the First Peak under the Southern Sky, Wind Soughing in the Pines on Baiyun Mountain, Village Hostel, Songtao Villa, Mingzhu Tower, Luming Restaurant and Baiyun Immortal"s House, there have been added for the past ten-odd years such scenic spots as Baiyun Cableway, Mingchun Valley - the largest birdcage in Asia, the Forest of Steles in Guangzhou, Nengren Temple, a golf course, Xinghai Garden, Yuntai Garden, the Sculpture Park and Baiyun Chute, etc.
Sun Yat Sen Memorial Hall in Guangzhou
Sun Yat Sen Memorial Hall in Guangzhou is a grand example of Chinese architecture. Perched on the southern slope of Yuexiu Hill, this memorial hall was built between 1929 and 1931. Sun Yat Sen Memorial Hall pays tribute to Dr Sun Yat-sen, who is known to be the precursor of Chinese democratic revolution while overthrowing the tyrannical empire of Ch"ing Dynasty.
A special attraction among the locals of Guangzhou and the Chinese population from the overseas, Sun Yat Sen Memorial Hall in Guangzhou was built across a span of 71 meters and fascinating enough, without a single pillar.
Features of Sun Yat Sen Memorial Hall in Guangzhou
You will come across a standing statue of Dr. Sun in front of the memorial with his article of The Fundamentals of National Reconstruction engraved on the pedestal below the statue.
Dr. Sun Yat-Sen"s Memorial Hall has an octagonal shape palace which spreads across 6 hectares with the palace covering 12,000 square meters.
A tablet containing The World is for All written by Dr. Sun, is hung above the front entrance of the hall designed with murals, red stone columns, and flower patterns ceilings
There is a display gallery showing pictures and letters of Sun Yat-sen in the hall.
There are two floors for holding 5,000 people in the hall, built in traditional Chinese architectural style.
The structure has been refurbished for more than seven time by the Government of China since 1949.
This building was once served as the official premise for the Ch"ing Dynasty
Fast Facts of Sun Yat Sen Memorial Hall in Guangzhou
Opening Hours: 08:00 am to 6 pm
Recommended Time for a Visit: 45 minutes
Bus Route: 7,22,27,41,56